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Background of smart city generation
- Nov 06, 2018 -
Smart city often intersects with regional development concepts such as digital city, perceived city, wireless city, smart city, eco-city, low-carbon city, etc.
And even with the electronic government, intelligent transportation, smart grid and other industry information concepts. To the understanding of the wisdom urban concept often also each have emphasize particularly on, some view is the key to technology application, some thought that the key lies in the network construction, some view is the key in the participation of people, some idea that wisdom is the key to the effect, some of leading city informatization construction is emphasis on the people-oriented and sustainable innovation. In short, wisdom is more than intelligence. Smart city is not only another term of smart city, or the intelligent application of information technology, but also includes the connotation of human intelligent participation, people-oriented and sustainable development. Comprehensive development origin and the concept of the world within the scope of regional informatization practice summary, the innovation 2.0 under the vision of wisdom city "from two aspects: technology development and the economic and social development of the innovation to the parsing of wisdom city, emphasize the wisdom city is not only the Internet of things, cloud computing, etc. The application of a new generation of information technology, more important is through the innovation of the knowledge society oriented methodology application of 2.0.
Wisdom city through Internet infrastructure, cloud computing infrastructure, geospatial infrastructure such as a new generation of information technology, and wikis, social networking, Fab Lab, Living Lab, comprehensive integration means, network communication terminal and other tools and move all the media fusion method of application, implement comprehensive understanding of the interconnection of perception, broadband ubiquitous, the application of intelligent integration and user innovation, open innovation, public, collaborative innovation as the characteristics of sustainable innovation. With the rise of the network empire, the integration of mobile technology and the democratization of innovation, the smart city in the knowledge society environment is the advanced form of information-based city development after digital city.
From the perspective of technology development, smart city construction requires comprehensive perception, ubiquitous interconnection, pervasive computing and fusion application through the new generation of information technology applications such as Internet of things and cloud computing represented by mobile technology. Wisdom from the perspective of social development, the city also demands through wikis, social networking, Fab Lab, Living Lab, the application of the tools and methods such as the comprehensive integration means, to achieve the user innovation, open innovation, public, collaborative innovation as the characteristics of the knowledge society environment sustainable innovation, stress the value creation, people-oriented to achieve economic, social and environmental sustainable development in an all-round way.
In 2010, IBM formally put forward the "" smart city" "vision, hoping to contribute to the urban development of the world and China. According to IBM research, cities are composed of six core systems related to different types of networks, infrastructure and environment that are related to the main functions of cities: organizations (people), business/government, transportation, communications, water and energy. These systems are not fragmented, but linked together in a collaborative way. The city itself is a macro system made up of these systems.
At the same time, many domestic companies also put forward the architecture system under the inspiration of "smart earth", such as "5 core platform system of smart city", which has been in the smart city case
Jiangsu cluster smart city overall structure 5 platform systems
Examples of smart xuzhou, smart fengxian, smart karamay projects have been applied.
Team concluded that: "wisdom city" of the 21st century, to make full use of information and communication technology to sensor, analysis, integration of city core system running in all kinds of key information, thus to including the people's livelihood, environmental protection, public security, urban services, commercial and industrial activities, the response of the various requirements to make intelligent, to create a better city life for human beings.

Author:Bunny Sun